Legislatures around the world have passed laws prohibiting bribery of foreign public officials. The FCPA has received significant public attention due to a number of high-profile prosecutions. However, the Canadian equivalent to the FCPA – the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (CFPOA) – historically has not been a significant concern for businesses with a connection to Canada. But this is changing. In the face of mounting international pressure, Canadian authorities have sent the message that they will enforce Canadian anti-corruption laws and pursue significant penalties against companies that have provided bribes to government officials. In a guest article, Mark Morrison and Michael Dixon, partner and associate, respectively, at Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP, outline the substantive elements of the CFPOA with a view to comparing and contrasting Canada’s foreign anti-corruption scheme with the FCPA, and comment on Canadian enforcement trends, which have escalated in recent times, and which the authors expect will continue to increase.