In light of the significant FCPA risk posed by cross-border transactions, the Anti-Corruption Report is serializing (in five parts) a chapter from a recently published treatise, The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Compliance, Investigations and Enforcement
. The authors of the treatise are Martin Weinstein, Robert Meyer and Jeffrey Clark, all partners at Willkie, Farr & Gallagher LLP, and highly-regarded FCPA practitioners. This part of the series addresses corruption risk in non-U.S. investments, including steps to take during pre-investment due diligence, contractual safeguards that will mitigate risk and post-investment responsibilities. The first part
of the series provided an overview of the corruption liability inherent in M&A and investment transactions and provided insight on mitigation of corruption risk before transactions occur, focusing on successor liability, ratification, acts in furtherance of corruption and investment valuation. The second installment
in the series analyzed post-transaction risk, including the concept of willful blindness and the application of the FCPA’s accounting provisions to mergers and acquisitions. The third installment
in the series provided guidance on the due diligence process, including the initial risk assessment, determining the scope of the review, coordinating the work of the review team and investigating red flags. It also provided advice on steps to take if a compliance issue is discovered and contractual safeguards to include in deal documents to minimize corruption risk.